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Name: Ch Lakshmaih, Village: Metlapalem, Mandal: Narsipatnam, District: Visakhapatnam,

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Ch Lakshmaih has been into Casuarina farming for the past 25 to 30 years. After IPAPPM Rajahmundry introduced Casuarina clones, he has planted 1 acre of his land with these clones which gave a yield of 50 to 60 tons. Lakshmaih, impressed with the performance of the clone, further planted Casuarina clones in upto 15 acres of his land and encouraged his neighbor to plant another 10 acres. The growth of the three and half year-old clonal plantation is quite satisfactory and he expects that it will give a yield of 50 to 60 tons. He has used only compost/manure at the time of planting & watered the plantation during no-rains.

Name: Sirisapalli Narasimharao, Village: M Gannavaram, Mandal: Nathavaram, District: Visakhapatnam,

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Sirisapalli Narasimharao has been cultivating casuarina for the past 25 years, mostly seedling type. In the last 5 years, he has started planting IPAPPM's casuarina clones after getting satisfied with initial planting of 2000 clones. It went on to become a regular practice and every year starting from 2013, he has bought casuarina clones from IPAPPM and planted in 2 to 3 acres of his land. He is expecting that the 2013 Casuarina plantation will yield 50 to 60 tons per acre. Narasimharao has used compost at the time of planting and watered as per requirement.

In recent years, Narasimharao has himself coordinated with Anakapalle sugarcane experts to develop intercropping model with Casuarina & sugarcane. He then planted casuarina every 2 meters, with sugarcane & sesame (till) in between. This two year-old agro-forestry model yielded him 2 bags/ basta of sesame per acre & 15 to 20 tons of sugarcane per acre. He is expecting the present 'Kharsi' sugarcane plantation to give him a yield of again 15 to 20 tons per acre.

Name: Sheikh Madeen Sahib, Village: Sankhavaram, Mandal: Sankhavaram, District: Godavari,

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Shaikh Madeen Sahib has been involved with farming of Casuarina junghuhniana(seedling plantation) for over 15 years. But, he changed to Clonal Casuarina farming after seeing that heavy winds are bending the seedling plantation. So, he planted Casuarina clones of IPAPPM in 2 acres of land in June of 2017. Intercropping with cotton earned him an income of INR 50000. He has used his own bore for watering & typically waters 1 to 2 times in a month. He applied fertilizer twice in the first year.

Shaikh confirms that he follows regularly the package of practices shared by IPAPPM extension representatives during their farmer field visits.

Name: Borupalli Venkat Rao, Village: P Nayakampali, Mandal: Rangampeta, District: East Godavari,

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Venkat Rao planted Casuarina clones of IPAPPM in 2 acres of land with 8 ft by 3 ft spacing about 3 years ago. In the first year, he intercropped with Black gram (Minumulu) which gave approx. 8 quintals yield at market rate of INR 13000 and was quite satisfied with it. He explains that watering of the plantation has been carried out as required & cattle manure was mostly used as fertilizers. He strongly believes that Casuarina clonal plantation is faring well amidst other farming atlernatives present today. Though Venkat Rao says that he cannot estimate the wood rate in the market, he certainly expects a yield of 50 MT per acre from his 3 years & 4 months aged Casuarina clonal plantation.

Name: EdupugantaPeriah, Village: Kotapapadu, Mandal: Rangampeta, District: East Godavari,

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Rising manpower/labor costs caused Periah to convert from agriculture to farm forestry. He attended one of the farmer meetings organized by IPAPPM in his village wherein farmers were encouraged to consider Casuarina plantation given similar labor cost constraints. The farmers in the village got together & further discussed on it. They came out of the opinion that by practicing farm forestry with Casuarina clones, yield will be good as well as they will have the possibility to do intercropping which will add to their income further. Periah then planted Casuarina clones of IPAPPM in 3 acres of land, 1600 plants per 1 acre with 8 ft by 3 ft spacing. He followed it up with intercropping of Banana plants from which he says he got a good yield. He encountered no water shortage problems and expects yield of 60 to 70 MT per acre from his plantation.

He advocates to other farmers that doing Casuarina clonal plantation with intercropping is quite profitable based on the growth he has seen in his field.

Name: Krishnamraju, Village: Batajangalapalem, Mandal: Sabbavaram, District: Visakhapatnam,

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Krishnamraju did vegetable cultivation in about 8 acres of land in the past. However, problems such as low market price for vegetables and manpower shortage, made him to look for alternatives like farm forestry. By advice of IPAPPM extension representatives, he has turned to Clonal Casuarina cultivation.

He first started with planting Casuarina clones provided from IPAPPM in 2 acres of land in 2013 and after seeing satisfactory growth performance in the field, he has planted another 6.5 acres with Casuarina clones from IPAPPM in March of 2016. Krishnamraju is quite happy with the average height of the plantation reaching 10 ft after completion of approximately 1 year from planting. He explains that he used DAP fertilizers every 3 months dosing approximately 20 gm per plant & provided watering.

Based on the growth achieved till date for the 2 years Casuarina clonal plantation, Krishnamraju estimates that it will yield about 60 MT per acre.

Name: Sathiraju, Village: Chollangi, Mandal: Thallarevu, District: East Godavari,

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Sathiraju is practicing agro-forestry plantation model with Casuarina clones and ground nut plants in 2 acres of sandy soil. He purchased Casuarina clones from IPAPPM. After 1 week of planting groundnutin November of 2017, he planted Casuarina clones under the technical guidance of the company's extension representatives. He carried out first watering of the plantation using water cans and the second watering using flood irrigation from the village canal water. He encountered water shortage problems while planning his second watering but somehow, completed the task at hand. It has been 3 months since the plantation and he is very satisfied with the growth of Casuarina as well as groundnut. Although he faced some pest problems in groundnut, he is happy that there has been no negative impact of groundnut on Casuarina and vice-versa.

Right now, Sathiraju is in the process of planning third watering cycle for his Casuarina plantation amidst water shortage problems from canal. He decided to do it after 1 week of harvesting of groundnut so as to not affect its quality from possible waterlogging.If all works out in his favor, Sathiraju is expecting turnover of INR 10000 per acre from his groundnut cultivation. Though investments had increased over the years, the groundnut pricing didn't see much of a comparative change. Talking about the yield of plantation, he is hopeful for a good market for Casuarina but expresses concern over present market price of groundnut.

Name: Govireddy Govindu, Village: Kondalagraharam, Mandal: Makavaripalem, District: Vizag,

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Govindu was into agriculture and Casuarina seedling farming in the past. After a visit from the IPAPPM's executives, he came to know about Casuarina clones and was encouraged into planting clones instead of seedlings. Initially, he was distrustful of the performance of the clones, yield and the revenue that can be obtained from them. However, when Govindu saw the plantation site of another farmer who cultivated IPAPPM's Casuarina clones, he was convinced of the quality and performance of Casuarina clones versus seedlings. He then went on to buy clone planting stock from Mulgapudi center of Narsipatnam and is planning to continue planting of mill's clones in the next season too.

Name: Suresh, Village: Z Kothapatnam, Mandal: Ravikamatham, District: Vizag,

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Suresh was earlier practicing Casuarina seedling farming which gave not more than 25 MT per acre and was not so profitable. He came to know about Casuarina clones from IPAPPM's forestry executives. After a field visit to the clonal plantation site of another farmer, Suresh saw by himself the quality growth and performance of clones sold by the company and planted by that farmer. After clarifying his doubts and apprehensions on shifting to clones from the practicing farmer on-site of the plantation, Suresh went to Mulgapudi clone distribution center of the company and bought planting material from there. He is expecting a yield of 60 to 70 MT per acre after a period of three and half years and has done intercropping with Lady's finger, Chilly, Tomato, Brinjal and Marigold (common name is Banthi) in the initial first year. Suresh is a happy farmer now who is reaping income from both, the intercrops in the present and Casuarina in a short while.

Name: Ponduru Venkareddy, Village: Alakurapadu, Mandal: Tanguturu, District: Prakasham,

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Mr. Venkareddy is in the Casuarina farming for last 15 years. Out of that, for last 6-7 years he is doing clones as he says this is his 3rd crop. The last two times he achieved 80 MT that brought him an income of even Rs.5 lac per acre. However, his area lacks rain and he also lacks water facility. Yet, encouraged by the clonal sapling performance even without sufficient water, he plans to keep the current crop for at least 4.5 yrs so as to achieve the magic figure of 100 MT per acre. As per his opinion, if sufficient water would have been there, he could have achieved this yield within 3.5 years. As for fertilizer, he used the combination of Potassium and Superphosphate to provide strength to the stem as his area is prone to strong wind from the sea. With the height of around 40 feet, he expects 3 pieces of poles from each tree. He believes, even in water deficient area, this casuarina clone would do very good as it has performed on his land.

Name: Subramaniam, Village: Kallepalli, Mandal: Srikakulam, District: Srikakulam,

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Mr Subramaniam owns 10 acres of land cultivating sugar cane and rice in 6 acres. He has sown casuarina seedlings in 1 acre but didn't feel satisfied with the growth of the plants. Subramaniam came to know about IPAPPM's Casuarina clones from farmers of nearby village of Kanurollupeta and then consulted the company in Rajahmundry. Under their guidance, he planted casuarina clones in lines, and practiced to that the field is well ploughed and intercropping can be done. He suggests other farmers to plant Casuarina clones of IPAPPM, Rajahmundry as he realized good growth.

Name: Govindrao, Village: Reddipatugramam, Mandal: Srikakulam, District: Srikakulam,

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Mr Govindrao planted IPAPPM's casuarina clones in the month of July of 2015 and feels satisfied with the growth of this 1 year 2 months plantation. He has used fertilizers two times in this time period and intercropped with chilli, onion, tomato and cauliflower, earning Rs 50,000 to 60,000 during the last year. Govindrao feels very happy about the growth of the casuarina clonal plantation and advocates it to other farmers. Red chilli is also a popular intercropping species practiced by other farmers in this region.

Name: Dr Mohan, Village: Duggada, Mandal: , District: ,

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Mr Mohan is a proud and happy owner of 11 ft Casuarina clonal plantation aging 11 months. He has maintained a 4*4 feet spacing and practiced intercropping with onion which he had harvested this January. He has also ploughed the field and applied 4 bags of fertilizer every 3 to 4 months in his 2 acre plantation. He compares this growth with casuarina seedlings he planted earlier in his 1 acre of land and says that he is more than happy with the performance of the clones. The seedlings plantation gave only a return of Rs 1,25,000 for a rotation of 4 years, so he is planning to convert that land to clonal plantation in the next month purchasing casuarina clones from IPAPPM, Rajahmundry.

Name: Narayanaswamy, Village: Ravavaripudu, Mandal: Kothapilli, District: ,

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Mr Narayanaswamy was initially very hesitant to plant Casuarina clones in his field but following an encouraging farmer extension meeting organized by IPAPPM, he planted Casuarina clones in 2 acres of his land in February, 2015. He has then ploughed the field once in May and then, applied DAP. Mulgapudi nursery replaced gave more technical guidance to the farmer to plant better. Impressed with the service and growth of clones from IPAPPM's Mulgapudi nursery, he cleared another 2 acres of land to plant clones again. All the neighbouring farmers from nearby villages were very interested seeing the performance of Mr Narayanaswamy clones to plant Casuarina clones in their fields coming January.

Name: Mohammad Amanullah, Village: Kilijiepeta, Mandal: Pusapatirega, District: Vizianagaram,

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For the past 20 years, this farmer has practiced casuarina seedling cultivation on 60 acres of land obtaining an average yield of 30 to 35 MT per acre every 5 years. But, last year in 2015, IP-APPM approached him after seeing his farm, and recommended Casuarina clones that can yield of 60-70 MT per acre. Mr. Mohammad then planted the clones with the planting guidance from IP-APPM farm forestry representatives. At present, he is very happy looking at the growth of his clonal casuarina plantation standing 15 to 20 feet tall after 1 year since planting. Seeing the performance of the clone for himself, he is strongly recommending IP-APPM's casuarina clones to his fellow farmers.

Name: Maddi Gopalakrishna, Village: Nemaligudem, Mandal: Buttayyagudem,

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This farmer was approached by IP-APPM in 2014 for cultivation of casuarina clone. The clonal plantation initially started off in 2 acres of land. Mr. Gopalakrishna later on became a pioneer in the area for clonal based casuarina plantation and testifies that the growth obtained was very good that he planted casuarina clones in another 20 acres of land last year and decided to add 20 acres more to the next year with expectation of good yield as per present growth performance of IP-APPM's clones. He also feels that he is doing his part for environment by maintaining cooler air in plantation surroundings.

Name: B. Ramu, Village: Chityapalem, Mandal: Butchayyapeta,

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This farmer was engaged for the past 15 years in Casuarina plantations purchasing casuarina seedlings from local sources but these seedling based plantations reported severe mortality in summers which made him to incur additional investments leading to losses. Prior to 5 years, Mr. Ramu came to know from his friends about IP-APPM's clones and attended farmer awareness meetings conducted by the company at Rajahmundry. He was motivated by the positive feedback shared by other farmers at the meet who had planted IP-APPM casuarina clones in their farm-lands. He went on to start a casuarina clonal plantation in 7 acres of his farm in 2014. Ramu talks from his experience that the clones perform really well if fertilizers are applied timely and can give a yield of 70 to 80 MT/acre with plantations standing as tall as 54 feet. He reported that the girth of the trees was uniform from tip to end and was major factor contributing to survival against strong winds and giving a good market for poles. Presently, standing in 2 acres of his clonal plantation, Ramu said that spacing is also important and that, he switched his spacing from 5 by 3 feet in his 2014 plantation to 6 by 3 feet in his 2016 plantation covering an area of 30 acres. He strongly feels that these IP-APPM Casuarina clones are performing better than local seedling/junghuhniana in terms of yielding poles, withstanding strong winds and heat, thereby promising more returns.

Dr. Gopal Krishna, Thatakulapalem vill, Thondangi mandal, East Godavari dist,

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Dr. Gopalkrishna's field was visited when the plants were 5 month old. He is a renowned Nature Care doctor at Kakinada. He has 12 acre land at Thatikulapalem village where he has Cashew garden. When he was wondering what he might do in the vacant land in the cashew garden he thought about casuarina as that particular village has many farmers with casuarina seedling plantation. He got in touch with IPAPPM representatives who came to his field and found it perfectly suitable for casuarina clone. However, due to less awareness in that village regarding clones, he planned to begin with only 5 acres out of 12 acres. After initial 2-3 months of slow growth, he observed an increased and encouraging growth 4th month onwards. He provides watering twice a week. Seeing the result he also recommended to his friends at Kakinada who have planted the same. He also expressed how even without electricity so far, he has run his water motor by Kerosene, so much he feels excited about it.

Mr. S Apparao, Kothapalli vill, Gokavaram mandal, East Godavari dist,

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Mr. Apparao was earlier cultivating sweet potato, cotton, sweet corn etc that was giving him income of 10-15 thousand rupees per annum per acre. Then he shifts to casuarina clone. After 6 months, he is now very happy with the growth that has crossed 6 feet and he expects 60 - 70 MT per acre (after 4 years) that would fetch him income of around 1 lakh rupees per acre per annum. He also did black gram as intercropping with casuarinas. He also expressed his satisfaction on the Smart card provided to him by company as he feels he is connected directly to the Company. Further he is planning for increasing acreage for casuarina clone.

Mr. Pela Maheswar Rao, Paravadapalem village, Kasimkota Mandal, Visakhapatnam dist.

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Mr. Maheswar Rao has 6 acres of land where he earlier planted Casuarina seedling but did not get satisfactory income. Through a friend, he came to know about Casuarina clone and got in touch with IPAPPM after which he planted casuarinas clone during March 2015. He ploughed the field followed by planting clonal saplings. Further, growth of grasses was checked through regular watering and ploughing of plantation site. The growth of Casuarina clones was visible and straight especially after the rains. Maheswar was happy to receive technical expertise and suggestions from IP-APPM's post-planting service representatives through their regular on-site plantation visits. It helped him in application of fertilizers like DAP, etc in the right time and in the right way which added more value in terms of the bole growing straight and tall. The age of the plantation is a little over one year at present and yet to be harvested. The farmer is expecting a yield of 70 tons per acre. He supplies water once in a month through a single bore and employed additional labor to harvest rain-water and construct pipelines. Due to the timely application of water and manure with the aid of IP-APPM's field teams, the plantation is growing tall and straight and thus, the farmer is feeling positive for a good yield at the end of three and a half years.

Mr. N Satyanarayana, Nayakampalli village, Gandepalli mandal, East Godavari district

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Mr. Satyanarayana has 8 acres land in Nayakampalli village. He earlier planted cashew and mango from which he did not get returns. He was then told about Casuarina clone. After planting the same, 8 months have completed and he is quite happy with the growth. He confirms that Paper Mill representatives come every 10 to 15 days to visit the plants. As per the advice of Paper Mill person, he has also done black gram as intercropping and he gained good amount from that too. His friends from the same and surrounding villages have also made visits to his plantations and after seeing have agreed this to be good. It attracted them also because it does not require many labourers. They have also decided to go for the same from June onwards while Mr. Satyanarayana has decided to go for further 10 acres and his brother will do in 15 acres. He expects 80 MT per acre. He has also set up bore. Regarding fertilizer he says he has used only once in the beginning. He expects 4-5 lakh rupees including intercropping returns at the end of final harvest after 3.5 years.

Mr. P Sarveswararao, Butchempeta village, Korukonda mandal, East Godavari district

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Mr. Sarveswar rao has a poultry farm. During July 2015 he planted Casuarina Clone from IPAPPM. As a good practice, he used the poultry farm waste as manure that he applied 4 trips per acre after ploughing before planting. He followed the distance as advised by IPAPPM. Monthly once or twice, he applies water now after 10 months. Earlier he tried sweet corn in his land that did not seem to be much profitable. Subsequently he turned into a casuarina clone farmer. He is attempting to achieve 80 MT at the end of 4 years by proper care of the plantation that he plans to sell to Pole market @ Rs.9000/- per MT. On an average he expects to earn Rs.4 lakh per acre at the end of harvest. When asked about the watering frequency he says once in a month or twice. He expresses his happiness at the end.

Mr. Mandava Bhimeswararao, Challavarigudem village, Jangareddygudem mandal, West Godavari district

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Mr. Bhimeswararao, an agriculturist and an experimentalist by nature has 8 acre land where he planted Guava species in the beginning and then he used Coconut plants as intercropping. Still he found lot of space in the field that could be utilized. He got an idea from IPAPPM to plant Casuarina between the rows of coconut and guava. He visited other plantations of Casuarina and got convinced. He did it, not for only optimum utilization of the vacant land in his field, but also from the perspective that Casuarina does not harm other crops, rather it fixes atmospheric nitrogen to soil that makes it more fertile. He then filled up the 15 feet gap between twola guava trees by two rows of Casuarina (thus, 1 guava 5ft 1st casuarina- 5 ft - 2nd casuarina- 5ft- 1 guava). With the growth in 1 month of his planting, he is happy and he feels, the nearby palm oil tree growers may also try this for additional benefit when the oil palm trees are smaller. The same could be done with other long term species like coconut and lemon that take time for first crop.

Mr. Muppidi Subbareddy, Gopalpuram village & mandal, West Godavari District

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Mr. VVD Suresh, Munagapaka village, Munagapaka mandal, Visakhapatnam District

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Mr. Suresh was a sugarcane farmer earlier. At one point of time, he thought of switching over to another crop for a better return. He was introduced to Casuarina clone and was also shown a few plantations of casuarinas clone by IPAPPM personnel. Impressed, brought casuarinas clones from IPAPPM Devipuram CPC. Now he has one plantation of 2 year old and one of last year (as he points towards his back side in the video). Looking at the growth in the last 2 year, he expects his plantations will yield at least 70 MT per acre during 4th year. He has also prepared further 3 acre land for casuarina clone this year. He has also been motivating others in his village as he understands there is more scope of casuarina clone in his village as knowledge about this crop is less today.

Mr. Gali Ramana babu, Z,kothapatnam village, Ravikantham mandal, Visakhapatnam District

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Mr. Gali Ramanababu is the Ex-Sarpanch of Z.Kothapatnam village. He has lot of interest in business. After trying paddy and sugarcane when he realized the increasing labour rate, he tried for Casuarina. Initially he planted Casuarina seedling. As per his experience, the seedling crop gave 35-40 MT per acre. Out of that also, only 40% was saleable in Pole market. This time, IPAPPM personnel introduced casuarina clone to this village. Even after meetings also, when nobody came up for the same, Mr. Ramanababu started clone in 1 acre as an experiment. After 4 years he has got a yield of 60-70 MT per acre out of which even 75% went to Poles. With this high return, he has even earned Rs.4 lakh per acre after all expenditure of labour. Now, he has further gone for 4 acres this year in 2016 when he brought clones from Mulagapudi CPC and he mentioned that it is worth even after clone rate hike from Rs. 3 to Rs. 4 as the final return is very high. He even proudly showed his already grown plantation that has gone up to 10 to 12 feet in 10 months. His brother Gali Bairagi also expressed his interest saying he would also convince his friend circle about the benefits of Casuarina clone.

Mr. B Satyanarayana, Vadaparthi village, Golugonda mandal, Visakhapatnam District

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Mr. Satyanarayana is a progressive farmer. When IPAPPM personnel introduced Casuarina clones to him, he wanted to test it in a smaller area. Later, seeing the encouraging growth pattern he went for a total of 26 acres. He also established solar panel for power generation for watering purpose so as to mitigate the issue of power cut in that area. He also advocates the same to surrounding area farmers regarding his experience on the fast growth of this clone. He also advises them to follow proper spacing. Emphisizing on the importance of clones, he explains to others that while other normal seedlings would give yield after 5 years, clones will give better yield in only 3 years if proper watering is done. At the same time, he acknowledges the fact that this is good for environment as well.

Mr. Kedarisetty Pothuraju, Dharmavaram Village, Ravikautham Mandal, Visakhapatnam District

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Mr. Pothuraju brought his saplings from IPAPPM Devipuram CPC way back in July 2011. The four year old plantation was now much matured for harvesting. Mr.Pothuraju feels that with this growth, at least 70 MT yield is assured per acre, out of which, he is confident that avg 65 MT will qualify for Poles that is more than 90%. With almost a lakh rupees per acre per annum income, Pothuraju garu was visibly very happy and contented. He signed off stating that many others have already come in front for planting Casuarina clones seeing his benefit.

Mr. Karatam Reddynaidu (Reddybabu), Buttaigudem village & mandal, West Godavari dist

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Mr. Reddynaidu has planted IPAPPM's casuarina clones recently in 2015 in his 15 Ac land. He is hopeful of getting not less than Rs. 3 lakhs per acre after 3.5 years. He is one of those many tobacco farmers who have introduced casuarina into their land along with tobacco.

Mr. Muppidi Subbareddy, Gopalpuram village & mandal, West Godavari

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Mr.Subbareddy is an established tobacco farmer. During 2014, first time, IPAPPM officials introduced him the casuarina clones in Rajanagaram of East Godavari. He became very satisfied by seeing the crop. Later, when he became aware of reduction in quota of tobacco area, he went ahead with Casuarina clone of IPAPPM in 12 acres during 2014 itselft. After 1yr 3 months, he is visibly very happy with the vigour and growth of the crop and expects it to come upto harvesting stage within next 2 years. As per economics, he shares the market information Poles rate and expects minimum Rs.5500/- from his crop of casuarina. Realizing the fact that this crop requires less effort and investment, but with high returns, he has gone for another 8 Acres in 2105 also. He has found expected growth in his new crop also and he also recognizes the fact that this is good for environment as well.

Mr. Kurre Nagabhushanam, Kathipudi village, Shankavaram mandal, East Godavari

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Mr. Nagabhushanam is a casuarina farmer for many years. Till 2012, he used to plant only casuarina seedling as clone concept was not introduced till then. He would get up to 30 MT per acre from that. When IPAPPM introduced him the clones, he did not show much interest, but thought of having a trial in 2 ac. Seeing the good growth, he went for another 4 acres. He has enjoyed avg 86 MT per ac when he harvested them recently. Seeing this he has already planted in another 5 ac and is planning for 5 more acres in the coming year. From his experience, he is very confident of a return of Rs.4 lakhs per ac in 3 years from casuarina clone.

Mr. SP.Naidu, Kusarlapudi Village, Rolugunta Mandal, Visakhapatnam District

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Mr. S P Naidu has total 20 Acres of land in Kusarlapudi village. He has been in casuarina planting for last 15 years. However, gradually he shifted from Casuarina seeldling to Casuarina clones of IPAPPM after realizing much better benefit from the clonal plantation. As per his experience, he has a confidence of getting 50 - 60 MT per Ac from his current clonal plantation that is currently 2.5 years old and he would harvest only after 4 years to gain the maximum yield. He has earned Rs.3-4 lakhs profit from his already harvested clonal plantation that has also attracted other farmers towards casuarinas clones. Today, he says, almost 60% of the farmers of the village have come to casuarina planting and that may go up to 90% the following year. He has also expressed his gratitude for regular visits of IPAPPM field staff for technical support.

Mr. Lakshman Rao, Rajupeta village, Kotauratla Mandal, Visakhapatnam district

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Mr. Lakshman Rao has 18 Acres of land at the above mentioned village. He has been a casuarina grower for almost 6 years now as he already had experience of first harvest that he did almost 2.5 years back from today. He got 60-70 MT per acre that amounted to Rs. 4 Lakh per acre. He did it in 5 acre land first time and received 300 MT that fetched him Rs. 22 lakh as almost 90% went to Poles. Visibly very happy with the return, he again went for the same casuarina clone from IPAPPM in 2013 that again proved to be a very good crop when captured during the interview. He has also done intercropping this time during the first year of the existing plantation with pulses (white gram in particular in this case) and received Rs. 1500/- to 2000/- per acre. As he was supported by IPAPPM field staff in terms of technical guidance all through, he feels the same treatment with others actually made it possible today to spread casuarina in as much as 500 acre in the same village that, he strongly believes, will double in future.

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